Академическое издательство «Гео»

Keywords: pad’s of ephemeral streams, morphogenesis cycles, fluvial drift, buried soils, aeolian deposits, Holocene, Daurian steppe.



GEOGRAPHY AND NATURAL RESOURCES, 2017, № 2, p. 135-146

Geomorphological Holocene events as deduced from lithological records of the fluvial basins of Dauria

O.I. Bazhenova*,**, A.A. Cherkashina*, D.V. Kobylkin*,
S.A. Makarov*, K.E. Vershinin***

*Sochava Institute of Geopgraphy, SB RAS, ul. Ulan-Batorskaya, 1, Irkutsk, 664033, Russia,
anna_cher.87@mail.ru, agrembrandt@inbox.ru, makarov@irigs.irk.ru
**Irkutsk Scientific Center, SB RAS, ul. Lermontova, 134, Irkutsk, 664033, Russia, bazhenova@irigs.irk.ru
***Limnological Institute, SB RAS, ul. Ulan-Batorskaya, 3, Irkutsk, 664033, Russia, vershinin@lin.irk.ru

A conjugate analysis of the processes of morphogenesis and sedimentation within small fluvial basins of Dauria revealed a rhythmic character of change of the Holocene processes which are combined into cycles of a different hierarchical level. It is shown that each cycle begins with an extreme phase of intense fluvial drift and delivery of matter from the system. The fluvial horizons comprise the lower part of deposits of the Holocene macrocycle in the Vesnyanka pad’ (a valley without a permanent watercourse). A disastrous fluvial drift was recorded repeatedly for the period 7–8.5 cal. ka and at the transition time from the Atlantic to Subboreal time. A normal zonal phase of integration of matter within the basins is exhibited by buried humus horizons of soils which give clear evidence of 1800-year cycles. A regional development in Dauria is recorded for the soils with the age of about 8, 6.4 and 4.6 as well as 1.2–1.4 cal. ka. The upper part of the deposits of each cycle is characterized by aeolian horizons of extreme arid phases. The profiles of proluvial trails are indicative of 130-year cycles. Based on results from studying buried soils, data of pollen analysis and radiocarbon dating of the deposits, we determined an enhancement in climate aridization for the last 10 ka and, in general, a decreased of the sedimentation and morphogenesis rate.

Keywords: pad’s of ephemeral streams, morphogenesis cycles, fluvial drift, buried soils, aeolian deposits, Holocene, Daurian steppe.

DOI: 10.21782/GiPR0206-1619-2017-2(135-146)

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