Академическое издательство «Гео»

Keywords: morphology of the relief, system-morphological approach, elementarization of land surface, locations, geotopes, synthetic geomorphology.



GEOGRAPHY AND NATURAL RESOURCES, 2017, № 1, p. 36-44

Morphological systematics of the relief and its implications for geography and geoecology

D.V. Lopatin, A.I. Zhirov

Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7-9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russia,
lopatin12@yandex.ru, zhirov84@mail.ru

We examine the issue concerning the determination of the line of demarcation between geomorphology and the related Earth sciences which is associated with elementarization of continual topographic surface of the planet’s relief. We present our view of the progression along this direction that relies on the theory of the system-morphological foundation of Earth sciences. We established the existence of the synenergy effect in the use of the system-morphological approach in all particular geographical sciences: in microclimatology, it provides a means of referencing microclimates and “local climates” to topographic features; in soil science, it revitalizes the notion of an elementary soil area thus simplifying the process of soil mapping. In geobotany and biogeocenology, this approach helps to make results from studying phytocenose productivity and from dendroindication investigations more representative. We determined a direct practical importance of landscape geophysics and assessments of the significance of geotopes on land surface as well as on the bottom of the World Ocean and beneath mainland glaciers. It is suggested that the system-morphological approach be used in the interests of a further development not only of traditional analytical geomorpho­logy but also its new, synthetic direction that relates geomorphology with social sciences. It is established that in such a case the symmetry tools can be sued to define the relief as the set of locations with anthropogenic objects, processes and phenomena.

Keywords: morphology of the relief, system-morphological approach, elementarization of land surface, locations, geotopes, synthetic geomorphology.

DOI: 10.21782/GiPR0206-1619-2017-1(36-44)

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