Академическое издательство «Гео»

Keywords: anthropogenic impact, harmful substances, normative of maximum permissible impact, discharges, system of state standardization, Lake Baikal.



GEOGRAPHY AND NATURAL RESOURCES, 2016, № 5, p. 234-238

Improvement of the state regulation of the impact of pollutant discharges on water bodies of the Baikal natural territory

E.Zh. Garmaev, V.S. Batomunkuev, B.O. Gomboev,
I.D.Ul’zetueva, and S.G. Sanzhieva

Baikal Institute of Nature Management SB RAS,
670047, Ulan-Ude, Sakhyanovoy str., 6, Russia,
garend1@yandex.ru, bvalentins@yandex.ru, bgom@binm.bscnet.ru, idulz@yandex.ru, seseg_gd@mail.ru

For purposes of ensuring the switch-over to the new system of ecological standardization based on setting ecosystem normative of environmental quality and using the best available technologies, we examine the need to improve the techniques and methods of standardization of admissible impacts on the ecosystem of Lake Baikal. A study is made of the negative influence of discharges of harmful (polluting) substances on the unique ecological system of Lake Baikal. The scientific substantiation has been developed for the normative of maximum permissible impacts on the lake’s ecological system and the methods of determining them. On the basis of a statistical processing of hydrobiological and hydrochemical data for Lake Baikal, collection and analysis of initial information on the main components of the chemical balance in Lake Baikal, assessments of the anthropogenic load on the lake, and calculations of the balances of pollutants, we determined the normative of permissible impacts on the ecosystems of Baikal and its hollows (Southern, Middle, and Northern) regarding inputs of chemical substances and suspended solids as well as microorganisms.

Keywords: anthropogenic impact, harmful substances, normative of maximum permissible impact, discharges, system of state standardization, Lake Baikal.

DOI: 10.21782/GiPR0206-1619-2016-5(234-238)

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