We examine the ecological-economic problems and conflicts in the sphere of land use, water use and recreational activity related to the characteristic features of the normative-legal and administrative regulation of nature management on the Baikal natural territory. Among them are the prohibition of the transfer of lands of forest reserves occupied by protective forests to lands of other categories, including lands of settlements; problems of state registration of the property rights to tracts of land that are included on the List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and allotment of tracts of land for dacha non-commercial partnerships; the prohibition of the disposal of industrial and consumption waste in the central and water-protection zone, and other restrictions. The significance of the supporting infrastructure (construction of pollution control facilities, garbage gathering areas, etc.) for the development of tourist-recreational activity is illustrated by specific examples. Problems with the development of the natural environment monitoring system are highlighted.Keywords: ecological-economic problems, land use, water use, recreational activity, Baikal natural territory.