Академическое издательство «Гео»

Keywords: planning structure, functional zoning, scientific-training ground, tourism, recreation, Lake Baikal.



GEOGRAPHY AND NATURAL RESOURCES, 2016, № 5, p. 196-203

Recreation-planning organization of the Sarma scientific-training ground on the coast of Lake Baikal

A.D. Abalakov and D.I. Maryshkin

V. B. Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS,
664033, Irkutsk, Ulan-Batorskaya str., 1, Russia, abalakovirk@mail.ru, dmaryshkin@gmail.com

We examine the scientific-methodological foundations and applied issues of territorial planning and determine the principles of tourist-recreational organization of the territory. On their basis, we developed the schemes of planning structure and functional zoning of the territory of the Sarma scientific-training ground (STG). Identification of the planning elements took into account the natural, historical-cultural, socioeconomic and tourist-recreational characteristics of the territory, and the land owners and users. The STG is located on the western shore of Lake Baikal in Priol’khonie, in the central ecological zone of the Baikal natural territory. Most of the STG does not form part of the specially protected natural territories but, according to the pattern of use and the regime of environmental protection, it has much in common with national parks. In this connection, the principles of territorial planning being used in national parks is taken as a basis in carrying out the planning organization of the STG. The spaces that do not form part of the specially protected natural territories in the central ecological zone occupy more than half its area and are actively used for tourist-recreational, scientific and educational purposes; however, they are almost no documents on their territorial planning. The documents developed in this study are essential in organizing recreational, ecological-educational and scientific activities not only on the Sara STG but also on other similar sites where special environmental and economic restrictions are in effect.

Keywords: planning structure, functional zoning, scientific-training ground, tourism, recreation, Lake Baikal.

DOI: 10.21782/GiPR0206-1619-2016-5(196-203)

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