A brief account is given of the electric power supply problems in the central ecological zone of the Baikal natural territory, namely: long-distance power transmission lines, decentralized consumers, electric power to which is supplied from diesel power plants, and large number of small coal-fired boilers. Since the zone has a special status, the issues related to minimizing the anthropogenic load, including from electric power generating facilities, acquire ever greater significance. A line of attack on this problem would be through the use of renewable energy sources. A zoning of the study territory according to the indicators of wind and helio-potential is provided. We determined the distribution of the potential of renewable natural energy resources within a year. It is found that the wind energy potential has the maximum value during the autumn-winter period, with that of small streams corresponding to the spring-summer period; the potential incoming solar radiation has a clearly pronounced summer maximum. Small hydropower electric plants and wind/photoelectric stations should be used primarily for electric power supply of decentralized consumers in order to decrease the amounts of diesel fuel used. For minimizing the air emissions of harmful substances from burning coal by small boilers, it is possible to use solar heat supply systems and thermocompressors as well as transferring boilers to wood fuel (including wood briquettes). Renewable power generation will improve dependability and quality of electric power supply of consumers thereby bettering the comfort conditions for human life and enhancing the attractiveness of the territory for touristic and recreational purposes.Keywords: energy supply problems, hydro-, wind-, helio-, geothermal and bioresources, wind power stations, photoelectric stations, thermocompressors.