Академическое издательство «Гео»

Keywords: climate change, trends, mountain ski resorts, risks, adaptation, technologies.


Current development tendencies of mountain ski resorts under climate change (exemplified by the Western Caucasus and Sikhote-Alin’)

N.M. Pestereva*, N.Yu. Sidorenko**, and O.S. Nadeina*

* pnm_06@mail.ru, nadeina@inbox.ru
** camelopardalis@mail.ru

Over the last several decades, mountain ski tourism has become a popular and prestigious method of recreation among Russian citizens during the wintertime. Until very recently, the Caucasus and Ural were the main mountain ski regions of Russia. These regions are characterized not only by the unique natural-climatic resources but also by a relatively well-developed tourism infrastructure. At present, however, thanks to the federal target programs, among the promising regions for the development of inbound and internal tourism is the Far Eastern Federal District, the territory of which is the home for 35 mountain ski resorts. Twelve of them are located on the territory of Primorskii krai, mostly on the slopes of Sikhote-Alin’. We examine the characteristics of development of the main mountain ski centers and resorts of the Western Caucasus and Krasnodar and Primorskii krais in the context of climate change. An assessment is made of the risks of exploitation of the mountain ski resorts in conditions of extreme unfavorable environmental phenomena. A case study of the Krasnaya Polyana ski resort showed the possibilities of innovation technologies aimed at lessening financial risks and adapting the activity of the resorts to unfavorable weather-climatic conditions. A comparative analysis is made of the current wintertime climatic trends for the Western Caucasus and Sikhote-Alin’. We evaluated the cost of the adaptation measure for the provision of a high-tech snow cover using, as an example, the mountain ski tracks of the 22 nd Winter Olympic Games in Sochi.

Keywords: climate change, trends, mountain ski resorts, risks, adaptation, technologies.