Академическое издательство «Гео»

Keywords: tourism, country study, periglacial environments, axiological resources, integration of natural sciences and humanities, landscape therapy.



GEOGRAPHY AND NATURAL RESOURCES, 2016, № 2, p. 142-147

Tourism geography of Russia: subject of study and main directions

Yu.N. Golubchikov

golubchikov@list.ru

The new tendencies for interdisciplinary integration of natural sciences and humanities are examined by using, as an example, a broad array of Earth’s sciences and human sciences from the perspective of tourism. Tourism geography is treated as the science of educational-recreational and axiological resources of the geographical environment. It is forecasted that in the coming decade the educational-recreational possibilities of the population in the travel environment will be immeasurably enhanced to become one of the main resources of the geographical environment. It is demonstrated that tourism returns the subject to the scientific discourse, whereas until quite recently the science has been seeking to “objectivize” the understanding of the world. It is stated that there is emerging a tourism-based people’s science with a new habit of thought associated with verification of the objectivity of understanding complex human-dimensional things. It is foreseen that there will emerge a new stage where geography embarks on assimilating everyday human views concerning space. The focus is on the role of mass tourism in the rebirth of country study and regional geography. It is demonstrated that mass tourism opens up new vistas for geographical descriptions, shatters their stereotypeness, and adds the character of natural sciences and humanities, publicity and journalism. In association with mass media, tourism geography forms in the social conscience the image of a territory. A study is made of the importance of tourism in the switchover of the methodology and ideology of development of the cold extreme territories from exploration and subjugation with categories of risk to admiration with categories of beauty. It is hypothesized that the landscapes of the Russian Federation are particularly curative because of increased contents of negative oxygen ions, melt waters, and environmental friendliness of food products. Special attention is concentrated on the significance of landscape-therapeutic practices in geography and tourism.

Keywords: tourism, country study, periglacial environments, axiological resources, integration of natural sciences and humanities, landscape therapy.
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